How many same-sex couples in the U.S. are raising children?

By Shoshana K. Goldberg and Kerith J. Conron
July 2018

There were more than 700,000 cohabiting same-sex couples in the U.S. in 2016, including 346,000 male same-sex couples and 359,000 female same-sex couples. An estimated 114,000 were raising children, including 86,000 female couples and 28,000 male couples.

Like male-female couples, most same-sex parents were raising biological children (68.0%), but same-sex couples were significantly more likely than different-sex couples to be raising adopted or foster children. Among couples with children, over one-fifth (21.4%) of same-sex couples were raising adopted children compared to just 3% of different-sex couples, and 2.9% of same-sex couples were raising foster children compared to 0.4% of different-sex couples.

Approximately half of the same-sex households were married (357,000). In comparison, over 90% of male/female cohabitating couples were married.




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