Report

Gender Identity Nondiscrimination Laws in Public Accommodations

A review of evidence regarding safety and privacy in public restrooms, locker rooms, and changing rooms
September 2018

This is the first study to evaluate the empirical validity of claims that nondiscrimination laws that include gender identity protections will lead to privacy and safety violations in restrooms. It was published in Sexuality Research and Social Policy in July 2018.

Highlights
Inclusion of gender identity in nondiscrimination laws does not affect the number or frequency of criminal incidents in restrooms, locker rooms and changing rooms.
Reports of privacy and safety violations in public restrooms, locker rooms and changing rooms are exceedingly rare.
The study examined crime rates in Massachusetts before and after adoption of public accommodation laws that include gender identity protections.

Please contact our communications office to request a copy of this study.

Gender Identity Nondiscrimination Laws in Public Accommodations