Updated Yogyakarta Principles Released
By Andrew Park
International human rights experts have released a supplement to the groundbreaking Yogyakarta Principles, a universal guide to human rights related to sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics which applies to all United Nations member states.
The Yogyakarta Principles Plus 10 (YP+10) include nine new principles and 112 additional state obligations that address developments in international human rights law and changes in society on issues of sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics (SOGIESC).
Key additional recognitions and obligations in YP+10 include:
- A broader recognition of characteristics upon which governments may not discriminate. The original Yogyakarta Principles focused on sexual orientation and gender identity, or SOGI. YP+10 provide guidance on human rights based on sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics, or SOGIESC.
- The rights of intersex people. YP+10 state that no one should be subjected to invasive or irreversible medical procedures, including those done for sex conditions, without free, prior and informed consent. This includes children, in a manner consistent with their evolving capacity.
- The rights of refugees. A well-founded fear of persecution on the basis of SOGIESC is acceptable ground for the recognition of refugee status, and all asylum seekers have the right to protection from violence and discrimination during the determination of their claims.