The Potential Impact of Voter Identification Laws on Transgender Voters in the 2014 General Election

voter-id-laws-mapBy Jody L. Herman
September 2014

Ten states’ strict voter ID laws may create substantial barriers to voting and possible disenfranchisement for transgender voters. Of the estimated 84,000 transgender people eligible to vote in these states, more than 24,000 individuals who have transitioned have no identification or record that accurately reflect their gender. Transgender people of color, youth, students, people with low incomes, and people with disabilities are likely overrepresented in this group. In order for these 24,000 voting-eligible transgender people to obtain the updated IDs required to vote in the November 2014 general election, they must comply with the requirements for updating their state-issued or federally-issued IDs. These requirements vary widely by state or federal agency and can be difficult and costly to meet. Currently, the following states will or could have in place strict photo ID laws for the November 2014 general election: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

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