Making Transgender Count

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The February 2015 edition of Transgender Studies Quarterly includes two articles co-authored by Williams Institute researchers. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly offers a high-profile venue for innovative research and scholarship that contest the objectification, pathologization, and exoticization of transgender lives. It will publish interdisciplinary work that explores the diversity of gender, sex, sexuality, embodiment, and identity in ways that have not been adequately addressed by feminist and queer scholarship.

“Counting” Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Adults in Health Research: Recommendations from the Gender Identity in US Surveillance Group
By Sari L. Reisner, Kerith J. Conron, Scout, Kellan Baker, Jody L. Herman, Emilia Lombardi, Emily A. Greytak, Alison M. Gill, and Alicia K. Matthews

US health surveillance systems do not routinely include questions to identify gender minority respondents, resulting in a lack of representative health data that can be used to evaluate the health of gender minorities. In 2011, the Williams Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law convened the Gender Identity in US Surveillance (GenIUSS) Group, bringing together a multidisciplinary and multi-institutional group of experts to increase population-based data about gender minority people through the inclusion of gender-related measures (e.g., assigned sex at birth, gender identity, transgender status) in surveys, with a particular consideration for publicly funded data-collection efforts. Drawing on the expertise and experience of the GenIUSS Group, this article provides an overview of challenges and opportunities and makes eight recommendations for “counting” gender minority adults in health research, with an emphasis on adult population-based surveys.

For the full article, click here.

Surveying Nepal’s Third Gender: Development, Implementation, and Analysis
By Kyle G. Knight, Andrew R. Flores, and Sheila J. Nezhad

This article discusses research undertaken in the wake of Nepal’s 2011 federal census, the world’s first to include a gender category in addition to male and female. It presents the methodology and initial findings of a new survey of 1,178 sexual and gender minorities in Nepal conducted to determine inclusive and locally relevant methodologies for demographic information gathering. Nepal has legally recognized a third gender since 2007 and in 2011 added that category to the census. However, due to confusion and discrimination among census enumerators and a data entry system that only allowed for two genders, those who identified as third gender were not accurately measured. Beyond those limitations, the term third gender is contested, and by itself it may not fully represent the many sexual and gender minorities in Nepal, including people who are gender nonconforming. This article discusses the development of new survey data measuring the identity, behavioral, and attraction dimensions of gender and sexuality across different terms that are in use in Nepal. Initial findings show that seven distinct groups of respondents can be described, and this article discusses how to expand the concepts and considerations for inclusive data collection in Nepal.

For the full article, click here.

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