LGBTQ Youth of Color in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems
By Kerith J. Conron and Bianca D.M. Wilson
Existing research finds that LGBTQ youth of color are overrepresented in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Structural racism and LGBTQ stigma likely increase the risk of that LGBTQ youth of color will enter these systems. Once in the system, LGBTQ youth of color tend to remain longer and face an elevated risk of discrimination and violence compared to other groups of youth.
However, scholars in this collection of working papers find that more research and data are needed to fully understand the experiences and needs of LGBTQ youth of color in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems and to prevent harm and promote positive outcomes for youth in the systems. The report also provides recommendations for future research to address the gaps in knowledge.