LGBT Discrimination, Policy, and Law in the US

By Christy Mallory and Brad Sears

LGBT people in the U.S. continue to experience discrimination because of their sexual orientation and gender identity, despite increasing acceptance of LGBT people and legal recognition of marriage for same-sex couples nationwide, write Williams Institute scholars in the newly released Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. This ongoing discrimination can lead to under- and unemployment, resulting in socioeconomic disparities for LGBT people, and health-related risk factors.

In the chapter, “LGBT Discrimination, Subnational Public Policy, and Law in the United States,” the authors examine the evidence and impact of discrimination against LGBT people, the landscape of non-discrimination protections based on sexual orientation or gender identity in employment, housing, and public accommodations, as well as current public support for LGBT rights. In addition, the chapter discusses the future of state non-discrimination laws and the increase of religious exemption bills in state legislatures.

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