LGB Inclusion and Economic Development

By M.V. Lee Badgett, Kees Waaldijk, and Yana van der Meulen Rodgers

Countries that offer more rights to lesbian, gay and bisexual people enjoy significantly higher per capita GDP than those who trail in LGB equality and nations that foster exclusion of LGB people cause substantial harms to their economies.

Researchers applied legal and economic data from 132 countries to the Global Index on Legal Recognition of Homosexual Orientation scale to assess how economic harms caused by limiting LGB rights relate to the macroeconomy. Findings show that just one additional point on the scale is associated with an increase in real GDP per capita of $2,065.

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