HIV Criminalization in Florida
By Amira Hasenbush
Florida laws that criminalize people living with HIV directly affected 614 people from 1986 to 2017, according to state-level criminal history records analyzed by the Williams Institute. Analyses showed disparities in the enforcement of the laws based on race, sex, geography and related offenses, such as sex work.
Researchers found that over half (56%) of all individuals arrested for an HIV-related offense were women. White women were more likely to be arrested for HIV offenses than other groups, and Black women were most likely to be convicted for HIV offenses related to sex work.
This is the first study to examine the use and enforcement of HIV-related laws in Florida.