Gun Violence Against Sexual and Gender Minorities
By Adam P. Romero, Ari M. Shaw, and Kerith J. Conron
A review of existing research finds that gun violence is a significant concern for the LGBT population, but there are many unanswered or unexplored questions, such as the role of guns in LGBT suicide death, intimate partner violence, and hate crimes. These gaps are partially due to a lack of data. Death and injury surveillance systems in the United States largely do not measure the sexual orientation or gender identity of victims and perpetrators.
The current report synthesizes literature on gun violence impacting both the general US population and LGBT people and finds
- More than half (51%) of all suicides in the US are by firearm and suicide attempts by firearm are usually lethal, resulting in death 85% of the time.
- Between 10-20% of LGB people report having attempted suicide at least once in their lifetime.
- LGBT people experience intimate partner violence as often as or more often than the general U.S. population. Bisexual women in particular report high levels of IPV at the hands of male partners.
- Over 10,300 hate crimes involve a firearm each year and nearly one-fifth of hate crimes are based on sexual orientation or gender identity bias.
- LGBT people are victims of person-based hate crimes at higher rates than religious or racial hate crimes.