Statewide Estimation of Racial/Ethnic Populations of Men Who Have Sex with Men in the U.S.

By Spencer Lieb, Stephen J. Fallon, Samuel R. Friedman, Daniel R. Thompson, Gary J. Gates, Thomas M. Libertia,  Robert M. Malow
January 2011

Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear the greatest burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in every state in the U.S., but their populations are poorly defined. Authors of the study estimated and compared populations of MSM in 2007 by region, state, and race/ethnicity. Of an estimated 7.1 million MSM residing in the U.S. in 2007, 71.4% (5.1 million) were white, 15.9% (1.1 million) were Hispanic, 8.9% (635,000) were black, 2.7% (191,000) were Asian, 0.4% (26,000) were American Indian/Alaska Native, 0.1% (6,000) were Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islander, and 0.6% (41,000) were of multiple/unknown race/ethnicity. The overall U.S. percentage of males who were MSM (6.4%) varied from 3.3% in South Dakota to 13.2% in the District of Columbia, which was treated as a state. Estimated numbers of MSM ranged from 9,612 in Wyoming to 1,104,805 in California.

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*Published in Public Health Reports (January–February 2011/ Volume 126)

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