Impact of the Equality Act on LGBT People in the U.S.

By Williams Institute

The Equality Act would expressly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity in employment, education, public accommodations, housing, credit and other settings nationwide.

While it would provide federal civil rights protections to all LGBT people in the country but would be especially beneficial to those living in places without state-level protections.

For instance:

  • There are approximately 8.1 million LGBT workers, ages 16 and older, in the U.S. An estimated 4.1 million of them live in states without statutes prohibiting sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in employment.
  • There are over 3.5 million LGBT students, ages 15 and older, in the U.S. An estimated 2.1 million of them live in states without statutory protections against sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination at school.
  • There are approximately 13 million LGBT people, ages 13 and older, in the U.S. An estimated 6.9 million of them live in states without statutes prohibiting sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in public accommodations.
  • There are approximately 11 million LGBT adults, ages 18 and older, in the U.S. An estimated 5.6 million of them live in states without statutes prohibiting sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in housing.
  • An estimated 8 million LGBT adults live in states without statutes prohibiting sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in credit.

Read the brief.

Read the press release.

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