Nanette Gartrell

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    Population-Based Study Shows No Difference in Outcomes Among Children Raised by Same-Sex and Different-Sex Parent Families in the Netherlands

    Henny M.W. Bos, PhD, University of Amsterdam, Nanette K. Gartrell, MD, Lisette Kuyer, PhD, February 2017

    A new study found that there was no difference in child outcomes among Dutch same-sex and different-sex parent families. Based upon a nationally representative sample from the Netherlands, the study compared same-sex and different-sex parent households on children’s psychological well-being, parenting stress, and the parents’ use of informal and formal support in child rearing.

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    Same-Sex and Different-Sex Parent Households and Child Health Outcomes: Findings from the National Survey of Children’s Health

    By Henny M.W. Bos, Justin R. Knox, Loes van Rijn-van Gelderen, and Nanette Gartrell
    April 2016

    Using the 2011–2012 National Survey of Children’s Health data set, this report compares spouse/partner relationships and parent-child relationships (family relationships), parenting stress, and children’s general health, emotional difficulties, coping behavior, and learning behavior (child outcomes) in households of same-sex (female) versus different-sex continuously coupled parents with biological offspring. Children with female same-sex parents and different-sex parents demonstrated no differences in outcomes, despite female same-sex parents reporting more parenting stress. Future studies may reveal the sources of this parenting stress.

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    New Study Shows No Differences in Family Relationships or Child Health Outcomes between Same-sex and Different-sex Parent Households

    Households with same-sex parents show no differences from those with different-sex parents with regard to spouse or partner relationships, parent-child relationships, or children’s general health, emotional difficulties, coping and learning behavior, according to a new report by researchers affiliated with the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, the University of Amsterdam and Columbia University.

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    Dutch Adolescents from Lesbian-Parent Families: How Do They Compare to Peers with Heterosexual Parents and What is the Impact of Homophobic Stigmatization?

    By Loes van Rijn-van Gelderen, Henry M.W. Bos, Nanette K. Gartrell
    February 2015

    Dutch adolescents with lesbian parents do not show any more problem behavior than those with heterosexual parents. Yet even though in 2001 the Netherlands was the first country to legalize same-sex marriage, some adolescents in this study reported being stigmatized for having lesbian mothers. The more homophobic stigmatization they faced, the more problem behavior they showed.

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    Satisfaction with Known, Open-identity, or Unknown Sperm Donors: Reports from Lesbian Mothers of 17-year-old Adolescents

    Nanette Gartrell, Henny Bos, Naomi Goldberg, Amalia Deck, Loes van Rijn-van Gelderen
    October 2014

    Eighteen years after conceiving their sons or daughters through donor insemination, 77.5 percent of 129 lesbian mothers were satisfied with their choice of sperm donor, according to a new study released today by the Williams Institute. Donor access and custody concerns were the primary themes associated with the mothers’ satisfaction.

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    2014 Gay and Lesbian Medical Association Achievement Awards

    2014 GLMA Achievement Awards

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    Lesbian and Heterosexual Two-Parent Families: Adolescent-Parent Relationship Quality and Adolescent Well-being

    By Henny M.W. Bos, Loes van Gelderen, Nanette Gartrell
    February 2014

    Adolescents with continuously-coupled lesbian mothers had higher self-esteem and fewer conduct problems (such as rule-breaking, vandalism, or getting into fights ) than adolescents with continuously-coupled heterosexual parents. Across other indicators of psychological adjustment, substance usage, and relationships with their parents, the study found that adolescents from intact two-mother lesbian families were comparable to those from intact mother-father families.

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    Civic Competence of Dutch Children in Female Same-Sex Parent Families: A Comparison With Children of Opposite-Sex Parents

    By Henny Bos, Nanette Gartrell, Jaap Roeleveld, Guuske Ledoux
    September 2013

    Pre-teen Dutch children raised by female same-sex parents scored higher on core principles of democratic citizenship than their peers in heterosexual-parent families. In a Dutch national survey of civic competence, children between the ages of 11 to 13 years old reared in female-parent households scored significantly higher than children in heterosexual-parent households on attitudes concerning acting democratically, dealing with conflicts, and dealing with differences.

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    Adolescents in Lesbian Families: DSM-Oriented Scale Scores and Stigmatization

    By Henry Bos, Nanette Gartrell & Loes van Gelderen
    May 2013

    The present study focused on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-oriented scale scores from Child Behavior Checklists completed by parents of the 17-year-old offspring in the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study.

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    Adolescents with Lesbian Mothers Describe Their Own Lives

    By Nanette Gartrell, Henny Bos H, Heidi Peyser, et al.
    November 2012

    Teens with lesbian mothers are academically successful and happy with their lives. These adolescents had strong family bonds, and they were nearly unanimous in describing their mothers as good role models. They also reported having numerous close friends—generally with same-age peers who were predominantly heterosexual. Teenagers were asked a series of questions about their everyday life experiences including academics, extracurricular activities, aspirations, friendships, family interactions, role models, health problems and wellbeing.

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    Adolescents of the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Male role models, gender role traits, and psychological adjustment

    By Henny Bos, Naomi Goldberg, Loes Van Gelderen, Nanette Gartrell
    June 2012

    The absence of male role models did not adversely affect the psychological adjustment of 17-year-old teens raised in lesbian-headed households, based on teens who participated in the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS).

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    Stigmatization Associated With Growing Up in a Lesbian-parented Family: What Do Adolescents Experience and How Do They Deal With It?

    By Loes van Gelderen, Nanette Gartrell, Henny M.W. Bos, et al.
    March 2012

    Fifty percent of 17-year-olds who grew up in lesbian-headed families in the United States have experienced stigmatization, but were able to cope, according to a new study published in Children and Youth Services Review.

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    Quality of Life of Adolescents Raised From Birth by Lesbian Mothers

    By Loes van Gelderen, Henny Bos, Nanette Gartrell, Jo Hermanns, Ellen C. Perrin
    January 2012

    The quality of life of 17-year-olds reared in lesbian-parent families did not differ from that of a matched group of adolescents who grew up in heterosexual-parent families.

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    New Trends in Same-Sex Contact for American Adolescents?

    By Nanette Gartrell, Henny Bos, and Naomi Goldberg
    December 2011

    New data suggests that seventeen-year-old girls are significantly less likely to have been heterosexually active and more than twice as likely to have had same-sex contact (11% v. 5%). They are also more likely to have used emergency contraception and less likely to have been pregnant.

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    Family Characteristics, Custody Arrangements, and Adolescent Psychological Well-being After Lesbian Mothers Break Up

    Nanette Gartrell, Henny Bos, Heidi Peyser, Amalia Deck, And Carla Rodas
    November 2011

    Based on the first longitudinal study on dissolutions among lesbian couples, this article suggests the importance of co-parent adoption for same-sex couples with children.

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    Substance use by adolescents of the USA national longitudinal lesbian family study

    By Naomi G. Goldberg, Henny M.W. Bos, Nanette K. Gartrell
    May 2011

    Although studies show that adolescents with same-sex parents experience homophobic discrimination, little is known about associations between stigmatization and substance use in this population. The 17-year-old offspring of lesbian parents from the largest, longest-running, longitudinal study of same-sex parented families were surveyed about substance use, experiences of homophobic stigmatization, and overall life satisfaction.

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    Adolescents of the USA National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Can Family Characteristics Counteract the Negative Effects of Stigmatization?

    By Nanette K. Gartrell, Henny M. W. Bos
    December 2010

    This investigation examines the impact of homophobic stigmatization on the wellbeing of 17-year-old adolescents who were conceived through donor insemination and whose mothers enrolled before they were born in the largest, longest-running, prospective study of lesbian families, with a 93% retention rate to date.

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    Adolescents of the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Sexual Orientation, Sexual Behavior, and Sexual Risk Exposure

    By Nanette K. Gartrell, Henny M. W. Bos, Naomi G. Goldberg
    November 2010

    This study assessed Kinsey self-ratings and lifetime sexual experiences of 17-year-olds with lesbian mothers in the longest-running, prospective study of same-sex parented families. The results revealed that there were no reports of physical or sexual victimization by a parent or other caregiver.

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    US National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study: Psychological Adjustment of 17-Year-Old Adolescents

    By Nanette Gartrell, Henny Bos
    June 2010

    The objective of this study was to document the psychological adjustment of adolescents who were conceived through donor insemination by lesbian mothers who enrolled before these offspring were born in the largest, longest running, prospective, longitudinal study of same-sex–parented families.

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    Nanette Gartrell, Williams Institute Visiting Distinguished Scholar

     Nanette Gartrell, M.D., is a Williams Institute Visiting Distinguished Scholar. Dr. Gartrell also has a Guest Appointment at the University of Amsterdam, and she was previously on the faculty at Harvard Medical School and UCSF.  Dr. Gartrell graduated Stanford University (B.A., 1972) and University of California (M.D., 1976), and completed a psychiatric residency and fellowship …

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