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LGBTQ Youth in California’s Public Schools: Differences across the State

About this Project

This project examined the differences and similarities of school experiences and other characteristics of LGBTQ youth and non-LGBTQ youth in public middle and high schools in California. Differences among LGBTQ youth and non-LGBTQ youth within six regions and rural/urban areas of the state were also assessed. To find the full report, click HERE.

About the Data

Analysis below was conducted using the 2013-2015 biennial state-wide California Student Survey (CSS). This data is representative of California’s public middle and high school (7th, 9th, and 11th grade) student population.

Key Findings

CALIFORNIA’S LGBTQ YOUTH DEMOGRAPHICS

GENDER

RACE

10.3%

of California’s public middle and high school students identify as LGBTQ

SCHOOL EXPERIENCE OUTCOMES BY LGBTQ AND NON-LGBTQ YOUTH IN CALIFORNIA

LGBTQ youth experienced lower levels of school connectedness and meaningful participation at school compared to non-LGBTQ youth. They also reported worse grades and more school absences than their non-LGBTQ classmates, and experienced higher rates of school victimization than non-LGBTQ youth. When asked whether they felt school was safe, LGBTQ youth reported feeling less safe than their non-LGBTQ peers.

CALIFORNIA REGIONAL RESULTS