LGBT Exclusion in Indonesia and Its Economic Effects

Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Indonesians in workplaces, schools, and social opportunities is pervasive and will limit their ability to fully contribute to the Indonesian economy.  A new study shows that the cost of discrimination to the Indonesian economy could range from nearly 900 million to 12 billion US dollars.

The speakers review the findings and give specific examples of how exclusion may negatively impact the productivity of LGBT Indonesians, thus diminishing Indonesia’s GDP as a whole. The speakers also discuss using an economic approach to argue for more human rights for LGBT people.


M.V. Lee Badgett, PhD
Williams Distinguished Scholar




Amira Hasenbush, JD, MPH
Jim Kepner Law and Policy Fellow



Winston E. Luhur
Williams Institute Research Assistant



Dédé Oetomo
GAYa Nusantara



Tunggal Pawestri
Women’s Rights Activist

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