Discrimination

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    The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination against LGBT People in Michigan

    Christy Mallory, Taylor N.T. Brown, Susan Freeman, Brad Sears
    May 2019

    Michigan’s legal landscape and social climate put the state’s 311,00 LGBT adults and 61,000 LGBT youth at risk of discrimination and harassment.

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    Effect of State Policy on Charges Filed at the EEOC

    By Amanda K. Baumle, M. V. Lee Badgett, Steven Boutcher
    April 2019

    A new study looks at trends in the 9,000 charges filed with the EEOC alleging sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination between 2012-2016.

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    Written Testimony in Support of the Equality Act

    The Williams Institute
    April 2019

    Williams Institute scholars outline the empirical need for explicit federal nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ Americans.

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    LGB Experiences of Discrimination

    Ilan H. Meyer
    April 2019

    LGB adults are more likely than their heterosexual cisgender peers to report experiences of employment and housing discrimination.

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    Impact of the Equality Act on LGBT People in the U.S.

    The Williams Institute
    March 2019

    Millions of LGBT people in the U.S. would gain civil rights protections under the Equality Act.

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    Discrimination Against LGBT People in Kansas

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    January 2019

    Approximately 72,600 LGBT adults in Kansas are vulnerable to discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

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    Gender Identity Nondiscrimination Laws in Public Accommodations

    Amira Hasenbush, Andrew R. Flores, Jody L. Herman
    September 2018

    Massachusetts’ gender-identity inclusive public accommodations nondiscrimination laws do not negatively impact safety in public restrooms.

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    The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination Against LGBT People in Arizona

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears, Taylor N.T. Brown, Russell Toomey
    March 2018

    Arizona’s legal landscape and social climate put the state’s 203,000 LGBT adults and 45,500 LGBT youth at risk of discrimination and harassment in areas of employment, housing and public accommodations.

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    Scholars File Amici Brief to US Supreme Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop Case

    On October 30, 2017, Williams Institute scholars and major social science and legal experts on LGB law and policy filed an amici brief with the U.S. Supreme Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission.

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    The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination against LGBT People in Florida

    Christy Mallory, Taylor N.T. Brown, Susan E. Walch, Brad Sears
    October 2017

    Florida’s legal landscape and social climate put the state’s 663,000 LGBT adults and 100,000 youth at risk of discrimination and harassment. The social, economic and health effects of stigma and discrimination against LGBT people cost hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

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    Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Montana

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    September 2017

    Approximately 22,300 LGBT people in Montana are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination law would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Idaho

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    September 2017

    Approximately 31,800 LGBT people in Idaho are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination law would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Wyoming

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    September 2017

    Approximately 15,100 LGBT people in Wyoming are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination laws would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Nebraska

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    August 2017

    Approximately 34,800 LGBT workers in Nebraska are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination law would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Indiana

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    August 2017

    Approximately 133,000 LGBT workers in Indiana are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination laws would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination against LGBT People in Texas

    by Christy Mallory, Taylor N.T. Brown, Stephen Russell & Brad Sears, April 2017

    Texas’s legal landscape and social climate contribute to an environment in which LGBT people are at risk of experiencing stigma and harassment. Stigma and discrimination can lead to economic instability and poorer health for LGBT people. These individual-level outcomes, in turn, can negatively impact the state, businesses, and the economy in a number of ways.

    The study documents the prevalence and impact on LGBT people of several forms of stigma and discrimination, including harassment and discrimination in employment, housing, and public accommodations; harassment and bullying in schools; and family rejection. The study also discusses the economic implications of such discrimination.

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    Discrimination, Diversity, and Development: The Legal and Economic Implications of North Carolina’s HB2

    By Christy Mallory and Brad Sears
    May 2016

    This report considers the legal and economic implications of North Carolina’s HB2. After considering the size of the LGBT population in North Carolina, and the legal landscape and social climate they face, this report estimates that HB2 directly puts at risk almost $5 billion just in terms of federal funding and business investment. In addition, HB2 contributes to a challenging environment for LGBT people that potentially costs the state tens to hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

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    The Fiscal Impact of North Carolina’s HB2

    By Christy Mallory and Brad Sears
    May 2016

    North Carolina’s law restricting access to restrooms based on sex listed on an individual’s birth certificate impacts an estimated 37,800 transgender people in the state, and puts at risk $4.8 billion in federal funding to state and local government entities. The law is in conflict with the gender identity non-discrimination requirements under several federal laws including Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Executive Order 13672, Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, the Violence Against Women Act, the Affordable Care Act, the Equal Access Rule, and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Federal agencies that enforce the laws are authorized to suspend or terminate funding if recipients violate the non-discrimination requirements.

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    Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Regarding Establishing Paid Sick Leave for Federal Contractors, RIN 1235-AA13

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears, Adam Romero, and Jody Herman
    April 2016

    Williams Institute experts provided comments today on a proposed rule that implements Executive Order 13706, signed by President Barack Obama on September 2015, requiring federal contractors to provide paid sick leave to their employees. The rule will protect LGBT employees of federal contractors by ensuring that they have paid time off to meet the health care needs of themselves and their families.

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    LGBT in the South

    By Christy Mallory, Andrew Flores and Brad Sears
    March 2016

    Christy Mallory, Andrew Flores and Brad Sears head to Asheville, North Carolina, to the LGBT in the South Conference to discuss the Williams Institute’s research on LGBT demographics and discrimination in the Southern states. Thirty-five percent of the LGBT population in the United States lives in the South, where they are more likely to lack employment protections, earn less than $24,000 a year, and report that they cannot afford food or healthcare.

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