Discrimination

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Mississippi

    By Christy Mallory and Brad Sears
    September 2015

    Approximately 34,800 LGBT workers in Mississippi are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Discrimination against LGBT employees has been documented in surveys, media reports, and court cases. Many corporate employers and public opinion in Mississippi support protections for LGBT people in the workplace.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Dakota

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    August 2015

    About 19,900 LGBT workers in South Dakota are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Many corporate employers and public opinion in the state support protections for LGBT people in the workplace. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, nine more complaints would be filed in South Dakota each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Alaska

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    July 2015

    About 13,100 LGBT workers in Alaska are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Many corporate employers and public opinion in the state support protections for LGBT people in the workplace. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, six more complaints would be filed in Alaska each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    The Impact of Wage Equality on Sexual Orientation Poverty Gaps

    By M. V. Lee Badgett and Alyssa Schneebaum
    June 2015

    This report uses data on same-sex couples in the 2012 American Community Survey to assess the impact on LGB and heterosexual poverty rates of several types of hypothetical changes: one that reduces the gender wage gap between men and women, one that reduces the wage gaps for people of color (the gap between white and black workers and the gap between Hispanic and non-Hispanic workers), and one that reduces the wage gap for gay and bisexual men compared with heterosexual men. These changes could come from new policies designed to address wage gaps, such as reductions in the gender wage gap resulting from a policy of paid family leave, or through more stringent enforcement of new or existing nondiscrimination laws.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Texas

    By Christy Mallory and Brad Sears
    May 2015

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears May 2015 About 429,000 LGBT workers in Texas are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Discrimination against LGBT employees has been documented in surveys, complaints to community-based organizations, media reports, court cases, and other sources. Many corporate employers and public opinion in the state support protections for LGBT …

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    The Cost of Employment Discrimination against Transgender Residents of Florida

    By Taylor N.T. Brown and Jody Herman
    April 2015

    The State of Florida spends more than a half million dollars each year as the result of employment discrimination against transgender residents. Currently, 10 counties and 14 cities in Florida have ordinances prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in public and private sector employment, but nearly 22,000 transgender adult residents are not covered by these laws. Employment discrimination against transgender adults in Florida costs the state an estimated $570,000 annually in state Medicaid expenditures alone.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Montana

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    March 2015

    About 13,400 LGBT workers in Montana are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Discrimination against LGBT employees has been documented in surveys, complaints to community-based organizations, media reports, court cases, and other sources. Many corporate employers and public opinion in the state support protections for LGBT people in the workplace. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, six more complaints would be filed in Montana each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Wyoming

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    March 2015

    About 8,900 LGBT workers in Wyoming are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Discrimination against LGBT employees in Wyoming has recently been documented in surveys, court cases, and other sources. Many corporate employers and public opinion in the state support protections for LGBT people in the workplace. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, four more complaints would be filed in Wyoming each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Florida

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    March 2015

    About 328,000 LGBT workers in Florida are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, 154 more complaints would be filed in Florida each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Kentucky

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    February 2015

    Approximately 80,000 LGBT workers in Kentucky are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Seven localities in Kentucky prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in private and public sector employment, and state government employees are protected. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, 38 more complaints would be filed in Kentucky each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Michigan

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    February 2015

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears February 2015 Approximately 184,000 LGBT workers in Michigan are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Discrimination against LGBT employees in Michigan has recently been documented in surveys, complaints to community-based organizations, media reports, and other sources. Many corporate employers and public opinion in the state support protections …

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Virginia

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    January 2015

    LGBT workers in Virginia are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Three localities in Virginia prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in private and public sector employment; only one locality prohibits discrimination based on gender identity. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, 5 more complaints would be filed in Virginia each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Oklahoma

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    January 2015

    Approximately 62,000 LGBT workers in Oklahoma are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Seven cities in Oklahoma prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in public sector employment, but do not include gender identity or private sector employment. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, 29 more complaints would be filed in Oklahoma each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Arkansas

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    January 2015

    None of the approximately 47,000 LGBT workers in Arkansas are explicitly protected from discrimination under local, state or federal laws. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, 22 more complaints would be filed in Arkansas each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Arizona

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    January 2015

    About 119,000 LGBT workers in Arizona are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, 56 more complaints would be filed in Arizona each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in North Carolina

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    October 2014

    Approximately 159,000 LGBT workers in North Carolina are not expressly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to existing statewide non-discrimination laws would result in 58 additional complaints being filed in the state each year; 50 filed by private sector workers in the courts, and eight filed administratively by government workers. The cost of enforcing the additional complaints would be negligible, and would not require additional court or administrative staff.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Georgia

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    October 2014

    Approximately 7,500 LGBT workers in Georgia are vulnerable to employment discrimination absent state legal protections. At least 35 localities in Georgia prohibit public sector employment discrimination against LGBT people. While Georgia law protects state workers from discrimination based on personal characteristics including race, religion, national origin, sex, disability, and age, it does not include sexual orientation or gender identity.

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    Testimony on Workplace Discrimination to High Officials of Montenegrin Government

    By Andrew Park
    July 17, 2014

    Andrew Park, Director of International Programs, testified before a meeting of the ministries of Health, Labor, Human Rights, Justice and Interior in Podgorica, Montenegro. The ministries were meeting to evaluate Montenegro’s compliance with the international human rights standards. Park’s testimony focused on workplace discrimination issues as well as the response of Montenegro’s Supreme Prosecutor to incidents of hate crimes.

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    Discrimination Against State and Local Government LGBT Employees: An Analysis of Administrative Complaints

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    July 2014

    Based on employment discrimination complaints with state and local administrative agencies, 589 complaints of sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination were filed by public sector workers in 123 jurisdictions. Discrimination against LGBT people in the public sector is pervasive and occurs nearly as frequently as discrimination in the private sector, at rates similar to discrimination based on sex and race. Currently, no federal law prohibits discrimination against LGBT people, and most states do not have laws prohibiting such discrimination.

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    Employment and Housing Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Idaho

    By Amira Hasenbush, Christy Mallory
    May 2014

    Approximately 21,000 LGBT workers in Idaho are vulnerable to employment discrimination absent state or federal legal protections. Approximately 72% of Idaho’s workforce is not covered by a local ordinance prohibiting employment discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity, and 75% of Idaho residents are not protected against housing discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

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