Research

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    LGBT Adults with Medicaid Insurance

    Kerith Conron, Shoshana Goldberg
    January 2018

    An estimated 1,171,000 LGBT adults ages 18-64 years old have Medicaid as their primary source of health insurance. While the majority of LGBT adults with Medicaid are employed, an estimated 542,000 may be at risk of losing coverage due to work or community service requirements that states may impose under guidance released on January 11, 2018 by the US Department of Health and Human Services.

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    HIV Criminalization in Georgia

    Amira Hasenbush
    January 2018

    Georgia laws that criminalize people living with HIV have resulted in 571 arrests from 1988 to September 2017. Preliminary analyses show some disparities in enforcement of the laws based on race, sex, geography, and underlying related offenses.

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    Characteristics and Mental Health of Gender Nonconforming Adolescents in California

    Bianca D.M. Wilson, Soon Kyu Choi, Jody Herman, Tara Becker, Kerith Conron
    December 2017

    A new report provides the first look at data collected from the California Health Interview Survey, which for the first time measured gender expression and mental health indicators among California’s youth population.

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    Updated Yogyakarta Principles Released

    Andrew Park
    November 2017

    International human rights experts have released a supplement to the groundbreaking Yogyakarta Principles, a universal guide to human rights related to sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics which apply to all United Nations member states.

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    Public Opinion on Transgender Rights: Poland

    Taylor N. T. Brown
    November 2017

    Using data from a nationally-representative sample, this report documents public opinion of transgender people and their rights in Poland and provides detailed findings of the characteristics that may affect these attitudes.

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    Scholars File Amici Brief to US Supreme Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop Case

    On October 30, 2017, Williams Institute scholars and major social science and legal experts on LGB law and policy filed an amici brief with the U.S. Supreme Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission.

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    Demographics and Health of California’s Transgender Adults

    Jody Herman, Bianca D.M. Wilson, Tara Becker
    October 2017

    A new report provides the first look at transgender data from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), the nation’s largest state survey. The report reveals demographic characteristics of transgender adults in the state, such as population size, racial makeup and marital status, as well as disparities in their health status.

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    The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination against LGBT People in Florida

    Christy Mallory, Taylor N.T. Brown, Susan E. Walch, Brad Sears
    October 2017

    Florida’s legal landscape and social climate put the state’s 663,000 LGBT adults and 100,000 youth at risk of discrimination and harassment. The social, economic and health effects of stigma and discrimination against LGBT people cost hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

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    HIV Criminalization and Sex Work in California

    Amira Hasenbush, Bianca D.M. Wilson, Ayako Miyashita, Madeline Sharp
    October 2017

    The vast majority of all HIV-specific criminal incidents in California involve people engaged in sex work or those suspected of engaging in sex work. A new report finds that women—and Black women, in particular—are the most disproportionately impacted by California’s sex work laws, both as they apply to people living with HIV and people not living with HIV.

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    LGBTQ Youth in Public Schools: Differences Across the State

    Soon Kyu Choi, Bianca D.M. Wilson
    October 2017

    LGBTQ youth in California experience less connection to their school, poorer academic outcomes and more frequent victimization than their non-LGBTQ peers. A new report by the Williams Institute explored disparities in school experiences, school performance and well-being of LGBTQ and non-LGBTQ youth in California, as well as disparities between LGBTQ youth in rural and urban areas in the state.

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    Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Montana

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    September 2017

    Approximately 22,300 LGBT people in Montana are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination law would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Idaho

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    September 2017

    Approximately 31,800 LGBT people in Idaho are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination law would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Wyoming

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    September 2017

    Approximately 15,100 LGBT people in Wyoming are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination laws would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Nebraska

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    August 2017

    Approximately 34,800 LGBT workers in Nebraska are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination law would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Indiana

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    August 2017

    Approximately 133,000 LGBT workers in Indiana are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination laws would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Health Services in the United States: Origins, Evolution, and Contemporary Landscape

    Alexander J. Martos, Patrick A. Wilson, Ilan H. Meyer
    July 2017

    LGBT community health centers have been a major provider of health services to LGBT people in the U.S., but there are significant gaps in the types of services offered by centers across the country. This study identified 213 LGBT community health centers operating in 37 states. Most LGBT community health centers provide wellness programs and services (72 percent), HIV/STI services (65 percent), and counseling services (52 percent). Among the services least available across health centers are transgender care services (10 percent), pharmacy services (8%), and psychiatric services (3%).

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    Scholars File Amici Brief in Transgender Veterans Case

    June 2017

    On June 28, 2017, Williams Institute and other scholars who study the transgender population submitted an amici brief to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in Fulcher v. Secretary of Veterans Affairs. In their amici brief, the scholars present social science data and scholarly research regarding the transgender population establishing that transgender status should be considered a suspect classification for purposes of Constitutional equal-protection analysis.

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    Estimates of Marriages of Same-Sex Couples at the Two-Year Anniversary of Obergefell v. Hodges

    Adam P. Romero
    June 2017

    Over 150,000 same-sex couples have married since the U.S. Supreme Court extended marriage equality nationwide. In total, over 1.1 million LGBT adults are currently married to a same-sex partner.

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    Demographic Characteristics and Health Status of Transgender Adults in Select US Regions: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2014

    Dr. Ilan H. Meyer with Taylor N.T. Brown and Dr. Jody L. Herman, the Williams Institute; Dr. Sari L. Reisner, Harvard Medical School and Boston Children’s Hospital; Dr. Walter O. Bockting, Columbia University Medical Center, May 2017

    Transgender adults in the U.S. are more likely than cisgender adults to report poor health and lack of health insurance coverage. The study is the first to analyze health data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a nationally representative survey that includes questions to identify transgender individuals in 19 states and one U.S. territory.

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    Criminalización del VIH Contra Inmigrantes en California

    Amira Hasenbush, Bianca D.M. Wilson, mayo de 2017

    Una traducción nueva de un informe que fue publicado en el otoño de 2016 indica que para unos inmigrantes, un delito penal relacionado con el VIH podria haber sido un evento que ocasionó procesos de deportación. En el informe Criminalización del VIH Contra Inmigrantes en California, investigadoras del Instituto Williams, Amira Hasenbush y Bianca D.M. Wilson, utilizaron los datos de la Información del Registro de Antecedentes Penales de California para explorer cómo las leyes penales sobre el VIH en California se aplican contra los residentes nacidos en el extranjero.

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