Research

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    Psychological Responses of Stigmatized Groups to Voter Referendums

    By Andrew R. Flores, Mark Hatzenbuehler, Gary Gates
    June 2018

    A study on the psychological effects of ballot measures related to same-sex marriage in 2012 found that LGBT people were more likely to be stressed as the total number of televised campaign advertisements increased.

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    The Impact of Medicaid Expansion in Virginia on Uninsured LGBT Adults

    Shoshana Goldberg, Kerith Conron
    June 2018

    Up to 21,000 uninsured LGBT adults, ages 18-64, could gain access to health insurance under Virginia’s recent Medicaid expansion.

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    Scholars File Comment on National Crime Victimization Survey Changes

    On May 11, 2018, Williams Institute scholars filed a comment to the US Department of Justice regarding their proposal to stop asking 16- and 17-year-olds to voluntarily and confidentially disclose their sexual orientation and gender identity on the survey.

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    Greater Visibility Reduces Transphobia and Increases Support for Transgender Rights

    Andrew R. Flores, Donald P Haider-Markel, Daniel C. Lewis, Patrick R. Miller, Barry L. Tadlock, Jami K. Taylor
    May 2018

    A new study finds exposure to images and information about transgender people helps reduce transphobia, which increases an individual’s support for the equality and legal protection of transgender people.

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    New Measures of LGBT Acceptance and Inclusion Worldwide

    Andrew R. Flores, Andrew Park, M.V. Lee Badgett
    April 2018

    A series of three studies use groundbreaking measures of LGBT acceptance and inclusion to examine the correlations between the economic, legal and social impact of LGBT inclusion worldwide.

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    The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination Against LGBT People in Arizona

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears, Taylor N.T. Brown, Russell Toomey
    March 2018

    Arizona’s legal landscape and social climate put the state’s 203,000 LGBT adults and 45,500 LGBT youth at risk of discrimination and harassment in areas of employment, housing and public accommodations.

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    Gender expression, violence and bullying victimization

    Allegra R. Gordon, Kerith J. Conron, Jerel P. Calzo, Matthew T. White, Sari L. Reisner, S. Bryn Austin
    March 2018

    A new study investigating gender expression and victimization of youth ages 13-18 found that the most gender nonconforming students reported higher levels of being bullied and were more likely to report missing school because they felt unsafe.

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    Predictors of relationship dissolution among same-sex and heterosexual couples

    Kimberly F. Balsam, Esther D. Rothblum, Robert E. Wickham
    March 2018

    A new study examining the predictors of relationship termination in same-sex and married heterosexual couples found that male-male couples were the least likely to break up. Longer relationship length, older age and better quality relationships reduced the likelihood of a breakup.

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    Conversion Therapy and LGBT Youth

    Christy Mallory, Taylor N.T. Brown, Kerith J. Conron
    January 2018

    The first estimates on LGBT youth at risk of conversion therapy find that 20,000 teens ages 13 to 17 will receive the treatment from a healthcare professional before they turn 18. Also, approximately 57,000 will undergo conversion therapy by a religious or spiritual advisor.

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    LGBT Adults with Medicaid Insurance

    Kerith Conron, Shoshana Goldberg
    January 2018

    An estimated 1,171,000 LGBT adults ages 18-64 years old have Medicaid as their primary source of health insurance. While the majority of LGBT adults with Medicaid are employed, an estimated 542,000 may be at risk of losing coverage due to work or community service requirements that states may impose under guidance released on January 11, 2018 by the US Department of Health and Human Services.

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    HIV Criminalization in Georgia

    Amira Hasenbush
    January 2018

    Georgia laws that criminalize people living with HIV have resulted in 571 arrests from 1988 to September 2017. Preliminary analyses show some disparities in enforcement of the laws based on race, sex, geography, and underlying related offenses.

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    Characteristics and Mental Health of Gender Nonconforming Adolescents in California

    Bianca D.M. Wilson, Soon Kyu Choi, Jody Herman, Tara Becker, Kerith Conron
    December 2017

    A new report provides the first look at data collected from the California Health Interview Survey, which for the first time measured gender expression and mental health indicators among California’s youth population.

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    Updated Yogyakarta Principles Released

    Andrew Park
    November 2017

    International human rights experts have released a supplement to the groundbreaking Yogyakarta Principles, a universal guide to human rights related to sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics which apply to all United Nations member states.

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    Public Opinion on Transgender Rights: Poland

    Taylor N. T. Brown
    November 2017

    Using data from a nationally-representative sample, this report documents public opinion of transgender people and their rights in Poland and provides detailed findings of the characteristics that may affect these attitudes.

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    Scholars File Amici Brief to US Supreme Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop Case

    On October 30, 2017, Williams Institute scholars and major social science and legal experts on LGB law and policy filed an amici brief with the U.S. Supreme Court in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission.

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    Demographics and Health of California’s Transgender Adults

    Jody Herman, Bianca D.M. Wilson, Tara Becker
    October 2017

    A new report provides the first look at transgender data from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), the nation’s largest state survey. The report reveals demographic characteristics of transgender adults in the state, such as population size, racial makeup and marital status, as well as disparities in their health status.

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    The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination against LGBT People in Florida

    Christy Mallory, Taylor N.T. Brown, Susan E. Walch, Brad Sears
    October 2017

    Florida’s legal landscape and social climate put the state’s 663,000 LGBT adults and 100,000 youth at risk of discrimination and harassment. The social, economic and health effects of stigma and discrimination against LGBT people cost hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

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    HIV Criminalization and Sex Work in California

    Amira Hasenbush, Bianca D.M. Wilson, Ayako Miyashita, Madeline Sharp
    October 2017

    The vast majority of all HIV-specific criminal incidents in California involve people engaged in sex work or those suspected of engaging in sex work. A new report finds that women—and Black women, in particular—are the most disproportionately impacted by California’s sex work laws, both as they apply to people living with HIV and people not living with HIV.

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    LGBTQ Youth in Public Schools: Differences Across the State

    Soon Kyu Choi, Bianca D.M. Wilson
    October 2017

    LGBTQ youth in California experience less connection to their school, poorer academic outcomes and more frequent victimization than their non-LGBTQ peers. A new report by the Williams Institute explored disparities in school experiences, school performance and well-being of LGBTQ and non-LGBTQ youth in California, as well as disparities between LGBTQ youth in rural and urban areas in the state.

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    Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Montana

    Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    September 2017

    Approximately 22,300 LGBT people in Montana are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state law. Adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the state’s existing employment non-discrimination law would not be costly or burdensome for the state to enforce.

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