Impact of Extending Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Nondiscrimination Requirements to Federal Contractors

By M.V. Lee Badgett
February 2012

A federal executive order that would require contractors to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity would protect up to 16.5 million more workers than are already protected by state or private anti-discrimination policies. Currently, state laws or private voluntary policies already protect 61% of federal contractor employees from sexual orientation discrimination and 41% from gender identity discrimination. Research also suggests an executive order would not disproportionately burden defense and small business contractors.

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