Opening Marriage To Same-Sex Couples In Illinois Will Have Positive Effects For 23,049 Couples Raising 7,662 Children
For Immediate Distribution
March 28, 2012
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Weddings by resident Illinois couples alone will generate between $39 and $72 million over 3 years
LOS ANGELES – As the Illinois legislature considers a bill to allow same-sex couples to marry, the Williams Institute, a leading research institute on sexual orientation and gender identity law and policy at the UCLA School of Law, released the following statistics and references to illustrate the potential impacts of the bill. The data below are based on Williams Institute analyses, with the source of the data analyzed, or supporting publication, following in parentheses.
Same-Sex Couples and Their Families:
* There are an estimated 23,049 same-sex couples in Illinois. [Census 2010]
* An estimated 3,831 of the same-sex couples in Illinois are raising approximately 7,662 children. [Census 2010]
* Nationally, an estimated 1 10,000 same-sex couples are raising children, more than 200,000 children in total. [Census 2010]
Marriage & Civil Unions/Domestic Partnerships:
* Approximately 50,000 same-sex couples have entered into legal marriages in the United States. [ Badgett, et al., Patterns of Relationship Recognition by Same-Sex Couples in the United States (Patterns of Recognition), Williams Institute, 2011]
* Same-sex couples prefer marriage over civil unions or registered domestic partnerships, even when those non-marriage statuses extend all or almost all of the rights and obligations of marriage under state law. An average of 30% of same-sex couples married in the first year that their state allowed them to marry, while only 18% entered into a civil union or broad domestic partnership in the first year their states offered these statuses. [Patterns of Recognition]
Economic Impact of Marriage:
* Allowing same-sex couples to marry will have positive effects on the Illinois economy and tax revenues. Over three years, weddings by resident Illinois couples alone will generate between $39 and $72 million for the state economy, generating $4.5 to $8 million in new sales and lodging tax revenues. These estimates take into account that some couples have already entered into civil unions and do not include spending by out-of-state couples.
* Same-sex couples gain social support from their families and a greater level of commitment to each other when they can marry. [Ramos, et al., The Effects of Marriage Equality in Massachusetts: A Survey of the Experiences and Impact of Marriage on Same-Sex Couples, Williams Institute, 2009]
* Although lesser forms of legal recognition for one’s same-sex relationship had positive health effects for the gay men studied, being legally married boosted emotional health to a greater extent than being in a legally recognized domestic partnership or civil union. [R. Wight, et al., Stress and Mental Health Among Midlife and Older Gay-Identified Men, American Journal of Public Health, Jan. 19, 2012]
* The stress that comes from social exclusion and stigma can lead to adverse health outcomes such as depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, and suicide attempts. [Badgett, et al., Written Testimony: S.598, The Respect for Marriage Act: Assessing the Impact of DOMA on American Families, pages 10-12, Williams Institute, 2011]
* Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, and the District of Columbia allow same-sex couples to marry, and Governor Gregoire of Washington State signed legislation on February 13, 2012 to allow same-sex couples to marry in that state. Maryland Governor O’Malley did the same on March 1, 2012. These laws will take effect if referendum proposals now circulating in both states do not qualify for the ballot.
* Illinois currently allows both same-sex and different-sex couples to enter civil unions (as of June 1, 2011). Delaware, Hawaii, New Jersey and Rhode Island also have civil union laws.
* California, Nevada, Oregon and Washington have state-level domestic partnership registries through which couples can assume the same obligations, rights and protections as married spouses under state law.
* Maine, Maryland and Wisconsin offer limited domestic partnership protections.