Where Same-Sex Couples Live

The New York Times
By David Leonhardt and Kevin Quealy
June 26, 2015

The biggest practical effect of the Supreme Court’s decision establishing a national right to marriage will be felt in a band of cities that starts in Texas, moves through the Southeast and up into the industrial Midwest — from Dallas and Houston through New Orleans and Atlanta, and up into Nashville and Columbus, Ohio.

Before the ruling, same-sex marriage was not legal in 14 states (including Alabama, where the issue was in dispute), home to about one in four same-sex couples, according to an analysis of 2010 census data by Gary Gates of the Williams Institute at U.C.L.A.

Compared with same-sex couples nationwide, the couples in these states were somewhat more likely to have children and somewhat more likely to be racial or ethnic minorities. But the biggest difference may be economic: Nationwide, the same-sex couples with children earn 2 percent less than different-sex couples married with children. In the 13 states where marriage was not legal, not including Alabama, the gap was 15 percent, according to Mr. Gates.

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