International

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    The Relationship between LGBT Inclusion and Economic Development: An Analysis of Emerging Economies

    By M.V. Lee Badgett, Sheila Nezhad, Kees Waaldijk, Yana van der Meulen Rodgers
    November 2014

    When LGBT people are denied full participation in society because of their identities, their human rights are violated, and those violations of human rights are likely to have a harmful effect on a country’s level of economic development. This study analyzes the impact of the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people on economic development in 39 emerging economies and other selected countries, and presents findings that demonstrate a link between LGBT rights and economic output.

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    A Development Agenda for Sexual and Gender Minorities

    By Andrew Park, Esq.
    July 2016

    This paper sets out the theoretical framework for formulating an international development agenda for sexual and gender minorities. The audience for this paper includes researchers, development practitioners, human rights advocates and those in the LGBT community interested in the growing field of human and economic development.

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    Declaration of Ilan H. Meyer, in the case of Sexual Minorities Uganda v. Lively

    By Ilan H. Meyer
    May 2016

    By Ilan H. Meyer May 2016 Ilan Meyer, Williams Distinguished Senior Scholar of Public Policy, has submitted an expert report to a United Stated Federal Court in the case of Sexual Minorities Uganda v. Lively. In that case, a group of Ugandans have brought a lawsuit against evangelist Scott Lively for his role in conspiring …

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    Development and Human Rights: Two Complementary Frameworks

    By Andrew Park and M.V. Lee Badgett
    May 2016

    This article examines the differences and overlaps between the human rights and human development frameworks, and argues that both frameworks offer related, but separate, perspectives on public policy impacting LGBT people. The annual report, titled State-Sponsored Homophobia: A World Survey of Sexual Orientation Laws: Criminalisation, Protection and Recognition, is issued each year in connection with IDAHOT.

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    Does an Improved Social Environment for Sexual and Gender Minorities Have Implications for a New Minority Stress Research Agenda?

    By Ilan Meyer
    May 2016

    In this essay, Dr. Meyer notes changes in social attitudes in many countries that allow LGBT people in those countries to experience a more accepting and inclusive society. He argues that these changes compel researchers to assess the impacts of the changes on the lived experiences of LGBT people, including reducing health disparities between LGBT people and the general population, and across demographic categories – age, gender and gender expression, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic. At the same time, Dr. Meyer reminds us that these changes are not global, and that in many parts of the United States and the world LGBT people continue to experience stigma and prejudice that lead to discrimination and violence against them.

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    Reachable: Data collection methods for sexual orientation and gender identity

    By Andrew Park
    March 17, 2016

    Sexual and gender minorities have often been classified as “hard-to-reach” populations, particularly in middle and low income countries. However, recent developments in data collection methods demonstrate the increasing number of tools available to those seeking to understand the lived realities of sexual and gender minorities in many areas of the globe. Reachable highlight examples of measurements of sexual orientation and gender identity, and provides a brief number of examples of their use around the world, particularly in the areas of health, education and employment.

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    The Price of Exclusion: A Research Guide

    By Andrew Park
    December 2015

    This research guide includes bibliographic references to research about the impact of discrimination against LGBT people, including poverty, lost productivity, homelessness, depression and suicide. The guide accompanies the United Nations video titled “The Price of Exclusion,” narrated by Zachery Quinto. The UN released the video to commemorate the anniversary of the signing of the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights. This guide provides references and summaries of the research underlying the data cited in the video, and also includes other selected research findings.

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    Colombian Constitutional Court Relies on Social Science Studies in Decision Allowing Same-sex Couples to Adopt

    The Colombian Constitutional Court ruled on November 4, 2015, that same-sex couples in Colombia can adopt children. Williams Institute scholars Abbie Goldberg, Nanette Gartrell, and Gary Gates filed a brief with the Court that reviewed social science research on psychological, emotional and educational outcomes of children of same-sex parents

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    Commentary: United States Has an Obligation to Collect Data about LGBT Discrimination

    By Andrew Park
    September 2015

    This report examines the obligation of the United States to monitor discrimination and stigma against LGBT people in the United States, particularly through the use of a national human rights institution. The report concludes that the failure to establish such monitoring mechanisms results in lost opportunities for policymakers to understand the lived reality of LGBT people.

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    Williams Institute Scholar Testifies at Constitutional Court of Colombia

    By Nan Hunter
    July 2015

    On July 30, Prof. Nan Hunter, Associate Dean at Georgetown Law and Williams Institute Distinguished Scholar, testified at the Constitutional Court in Bogota, Columbia. An expert on matrimonial law, Hunter was invited to testify at a hearing to decide whether to extend equal marriage rights to same-sex couples.

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    United Nations Human Rights Council Recommends the United States Establish a National Human Rights Body

    By Andrew Park
    May 2015

    On May 15, 2015, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations issued a draft report with a series of recommendations to the United States government to rectify human rights violations. Every four years, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) reviews the human rights record of each country. The review of the U.S. began last fall and involved many months of data collection by the U.N. and testimony by hundreds of participants.

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    Lee Badgett speaks to Irish community ahead of referendum

    M.V. Lee Badgett, Williams Distinguished Scholar, presented her research about marriage to an Irish audience on March 19, 2015 at a conference in Dublin, Ireland. On May 22, 2015, voters in Ireland will decide whether to approve a referendum amending Ireland’s constitution to permit same-sex marriage. If the measure is passed, Ireland will become the world’s first country to adopt marriage equality by a popular vote.

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    Making Transgender Count

    By Jody Herman, Andrew Flores, et al.
    February 2015

    The February 2015 edition of Transgender Studies Quarterly includes two articles co-authored by Williams Institute researchers. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly offers a high-profile venue for innovative research and scholarship that contest the objectification, pathologization, and exoticization of transgender lives. It will publish interdisciplinary work that explores the diversity of gender, sex, sexuality, embodiment, and identity in ways that have not been adequately addressed by feminist and queer scholarship.

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    Williams Institute Provides Research to United Nations Countries

    Andrew Park
    April 2015

    Williams Institute International Program Director Andrew Park provided legal analysis and research to 14 countries on the United Nations Human Rights Council: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, Paraguay, Japan, Republic of Korea, France, Germany, Ireland and the Netherlands regarding the human rights situation in the United States. In April 2015, the UN Human Rights Council will review the human situation in the United States. That review, to take place at the United Nations, will include questions about legal protections available to LGBT people in the United States.

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    Dutch Adolescents from Lesbian-Parent Families: How Do They Compare to Peers with Heterosexual Parents and What is the Impact of Homophobic Stigmatization?

    By Loes van Rijn-van Gelderen, Henry M.W. Bos, Nanette K. Gartrell
    February 2015

    Dutch adolescents with lesbian parents do not show any more problem behavior than those with heterosexual parents. Yet even though in 2001 the Netherlands was the first country to legalize same-sex marriage, some adolescents in this study reported being stigmatized for having lesbian mothers. The more homophobic stigmatization they faced, the more problem behavior they showed.

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    Williams Institute Hosts Research Meeting in Nepal

    The Williams Institute, in conjunction with the Blue Diamond Society, held a two day conference in Kathmandu, Nepal, to advance the knowledge and understanding of sexual and gender minorities. Nepal was the first country in the world to legally recognize a third gender. After a failed government attempt to conduct a national census of third gender Nepalese, the United Nations Development Program supported the Williams Institute and The Blue Diamond Society to design and conduct a survey of sexual and gender minorities in Nepal.

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    Williams Expert Presents Research in Lima, Peru // Experta del Williams Institute presenta investigación en Lima, Perú

    By M.V. Lee Badgett
    October 2014

    M.V. Lee Badgett, Distinguished Scholar at the Williams Institute and director of the Center for Public Policy and Administration at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, visited Lima Peru in October, 2014, to present findings of research indicating a link between exclusion, economic growth. Badgett has become the foremost expert on the relationship between exclusion of LGBT people, economic growth and business productivity. She recently co-authored a multi-country study on the link between equality laws and economic growth.

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    Williams Institute Hosts Precedent-Setting Meeting on International Development

    Hundreds of international advocates, government officials and human development practitioners attended a day-long series of presentations and discussions in Washington, D.C. focusing on the role of sexual orientation and gender identity in international human and economic development.  This meeting featured experts from the World Bank, the United Nations, representatives from some of the major donor …

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    Public Attitudes toward Homosexuality and Gay Rights across Time and Countries

    By Tom W. Smith, Jaesok Son, Jibum Kim
    November 2014

    A new study finds that there has been a notable global increase in the acceptance of homosexuality over the past 20 years. This study examines the responses to 2000 questions asked in hundreds of surveys since 1981. Each included questions about attitudes regarding lesbians and gay men in 10 to 52 countries. The findings show that residents in 90% of all surveyed countries have become more accepting of homosexuality over the past 20 years.

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    Surveying Nepal’s Sexual and Gender Minorities: An Inclusive Approach

    Williams Institute, Blue Diamond Society
    October 2014

    In a survey of sexual and gender minorities in Nepal over 60 percent of respondents reported experiencing at least one incident of abuse or discrimination, and over one-third reported discrimination or abuse in three or more public settings. The survey utilized Nepal’s inclusion of a third gender category in its national census, the first such attempt in the world.

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