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    Dutch Adolescents from Lesbian-Parent Families: How Do They Compare to Peers with Heterosexual Parents and What is the Impact of Homophobic Stigmatization?

    By Loes van Rijn-van Gelderen, Henry M.W. Bos, Nanette K. Gartrell
    February 2015

    Dutch adolescents with lesbian parents do not show any more problem behavior than those with heterosexual parents. Yet even though in 2001 the Netherlands was the first country to legalize same-sex marriage, some adolescents in this study reported being stigmatized for having lesbian mothers. The more homophobic stigmatization they faced, the more problem behavior they showed.

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    Williams Institute Hosts Research Meeting in Nepal

    The Williams Institute, in conjunction with the Blue Diamond Society, held a two day conference in Kathmandu, Nepal, to advance the knowledge and understanding of sexual and gender minorities. Nepal was the first country in the world to legally recognize a third gender. After a failed government attempt to conduct a national census of third gender Nepalese, the United Nations Development Program supported the Williams Institute and The Blue Diamond Society to design and conduct a survey of sexual and gender minorities in Nepal.

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    Williams Expert Presents Research in Lima, Peru // Experta del Williams Institute presenta investigación en Lima, Perú

    By M.V. Lee Badgett
    October 2014

    M.V. Lee Badgett, Distinguished Scholar at the Williams Institute and director of the Center for Public Policy and Administration at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, visited Lima Peru in October, 2014, to present findings of research indicating a link between exclusion, economic growth. Badgett has become the foremost expert on the relationship between exclusion of LGBT people, economic growth and business productivity. She recently co-authored a multi-country study on the link between equality laws and economic growth.

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    Williams Institute Hosts Precedent-Setting Meeting on International Development

    Hundreds of international advocates, government officials and human development practitioners attended a day-long series of presentations and discussions in Washington, D.C. focusing on the role of sexual orientation and gender identity in international human and economic development.  This meeting featured experts from the World Bank, the United Nations, representatives from some of the major donor …

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    Public Attitudes toward Homosexuality and Gay Rights across Time and Countries

    By Tom W. Smith, Jaesok Son, Jibum Kim
    November 2014

    A new study finds that there has been a notable global increase in the acceptance of homosexuality over the past 20 years. This study examines the responses to 2000 questions asked in hundreds of surveys since 1981. Each included questions about attitudes regarding lesbians and gay men in 10 to 52 countries. The findings show that residents in 90% of all surveyed countries have become more accepting of homosexuality over the past 20 years.

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    The Relationship between LGBT Inclusion and Economic Development: An Analysis of Emerging Economies

    By M.V. Lee Badgett, Sheila Nezhad, Kees Waaldijk, Yana van der Meulen Rodgers
    November 2014

    When LGBT people are denied full participation in society because of their identities, their human rights are violated, and those violations of human rights are likely to have a harmful effect on a country’s level of economic development. This study analyzes the impact of the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people on economic development in 39 emerging economies and other selected countries, and presents findings that demonstrate a link between LGBT rights and economic output.

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    Surveying Nepal’s Sexual and Gender Minorities: An Inclusive Approach

    Williams Institute, Blue Diamond Society
    October 2014

    In a survey of sexual and gender minorities in Nepal over 60 percent of respondents reported experiencing at least one incident of abuse or discrimination, and over one-third reported discrimination or abuse in three or more public settings. The survey utilized Nepal’s inclusion of a third gender category in its national census, the first such attempt in the world.

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    Lack of Equal Treatment and Access to Equal Opportunity for LGTBQ People in the United States

    By Andrew Park, Firass Halawi
    September 2014

    The lack of protections against employment discrimination and inattention to the causes and patterns of LGBT poverty constitute human rights violations. Based on social science research and legal analysis, the United States is failing to comply with its international human rights commitments, particularly in the areas of employment, health, youth and violence against LGBT people. In its last review, the United States accepted recommendations to address discrimination against LGBT people in order to comply with international human rights standards.

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    Submission to the Australian Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee Regarding the Recognition of Foreign Marriages Bill 2014

    By M. V. Lee Badgett
    August 2014

    In her testimony submitted to the Australian Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee, Williams Distinguished Scholar M. V. Lee Badgett highlights three issues involving the likely impact of Recognition of the Foreign Marriages Bill 2014. Based on experiences in the United States and the Netherlands, allowing same-sex couples to marry has had positive effects on couples, their children, and their families. Data from both countries also shows that civil unions are not a good substitute for marriage.

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    Amici Brief: Constitutional Court of the Republic of Colombia

    By Abbie E. Goldberg, Nanette K. Gartrell, Gary J. Gates
    August 2014

    Williams Institute scholars filed an amici brief in two cases regarding adoption rights of same-sex couples that are pending before the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Colombia. Research indicates lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) parents and their children are functioning well, despite confronting discrimination in a variety of social contexts—including healthcare, legal and school systems. The two cases before the Court — Turandot v. Defensor Segundo de Familia de Rionegro and In the Matter of Diego Andrés Prada Vargas —concern the constitutionality of law barring adoption rights of same-sex couples.

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    Testimony on Workplace Discrimination to High Officials of Montenegrin Government

    By Andrew Park
    July 17, 2014

    Andrew Park, Director of International Programs, testified before a meeting of the ministries of Health, Labor, Human Rights, Justice and Interior in Podgorica, Montenegro. The ministries were meeting to evaluate Montenegro’s compliance with the international human rights standards. Park’s testimony focused on workplace discrimination issues as well as the response of Montenegro’s Supreme Prosecutor to incidents of hate crimes.

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    Universal Periodic Review of the United States: Sub-group on Civil Rights and Racial and Ethnic Discrimination Issues

    By Andrew Park, Adam P. Romero
    July 2014

    Based on State Department testimony by Williams Institute scholars, social science research and legal analysis suggest the United States is failing to comply with international human rights standards in relation to LGBT people. While the U.S. has seen significant progress in recent years, a majority of states fail to provide legal protections for LGBT people and families, despite evidence of persistent and pervasive discrimination, economic vulnerability, and violence and sexual assault.

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    Declaration of Ilan H. Meyer, in the case of Bayev v. Russia

    A statement submitted to the European Court of Human Rights in Bayev v. Russia, a case challenging the Russian law banning “homosexual propaganda.” Lesbians and gays living in Russia are at greater risk of being exposed to violence, harassment, and other violations of basic human rights because of the law. Daily stigmas and prejudicial incidents can lead to increased rates of mental and physical disorders.

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    The Right to Relate: A Lecture on the Importance of “Orientation” in Comparative Sexual Orientation Law

    By Kees Waaldijk
    February 2014

    “The Right to Relate” can be seen as the common theme in all issues of sexual orientation law. This right was first articulated—as an aspect of the right to respect for private life— by the European Commission of Human Rights in 1976, and can be used as the common denominator in the comparative study of all laws in the world that are anti-homosexual or same-sex-friendly.

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    Yogyakarta Principles

    December 2013

    Together with the civil society organizations and the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, the Montenegrin Government promotes the Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Human Rights Law. The Yogyakarta Principles address a broad range of human rights standards and their application to issues of sexual orientation and gender identity.

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    Sexual Orientation Based Violence in Hong Kong

    By Holning S. Lau, Rebecca Stotzer
    February 2013

    Using survey responses from 614 lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in Hong Kong, this article reports prevalence estimates of experiences with violence based on sexual orientation. Among respondents, 60.3 percent reported being victims of only non-physical forms of violence, 9.4 percent reported experience with both non-physical and physical violence, and 0.9 percent reported experience with only physical violence.

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    Submission to the Australian Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee Regarding the Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2010

    By M.V. Lee Badgett
    March 2012

    Memorandum submitted to the Australian Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee regarding the Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2010.

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    The Economic Impact of Extending Marriage to Same-Sex Couples in Australia

    By M.V. Lee Badgett, Jennifer Smith
    February 2012

    Extending marriage to Australian same-sex couples would boost the country’s economy by $161 million over three years. This estimate is based on a projection that 54 percent (or 17,820) of Australia’s approximately 33,000 same-sex couples would marry.

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    Brown Abroad: An Empirical Analysis of Foreign Judicial Citation and the Metaphor of Cosmopolitan Conversation

    By Sheldon Bernard Lyke
    January 2012

    The article illustrates the ways in which justices on both the New Zealand Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Court of South Africa have used the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education in discussions of same-sex marriage.

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    Case of Atala Riffo and Children vs. Chile

    Translated by Stephanie Plotin
    March 2012

    Official Summary Issued By the Inter-American Court of the Decision

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